Labour on approval of Bills by Cabinet
Cabinet approves the National Minimum Wage, Basic Conditions of Employment and the Labour Relations Amendment Bills
Cabinet met on November 1 and approved the National Minimum Wage Bill, Basic Conditions of Employment Amendment Bill and Labour Relations Amendment Bill. These Bills may now be submitted to the National Assembly and the National Council of Provinces for concurrence and enactment.
In February 2017, representatives of government, business, labour and the community sector signed agreements, at NEDLAC, on measures to strengthen labour stability and collective bargaining and on modalities for the introduction of a national minimum wage.
The agreements represent a significant advance in efforts to address the challenges of labour instability and wage inequality in the South African labour market.
To give effect to the agreements, the Department of Labour has drafted a National Minimum Wage Bill, Basic Conditions of Employment Amendment Bill and a Labour Relations Amendment Bill. The Bills will appear in the Government Gazette on 10 November 2017 and can be found at www.labour.gov.za.
What do these Bills entail?
The National Minimum Wage Bill (NMW Bill) makes provision for the introduction of a minimum wage of R20 per hour which is due to come into effect on 1 May 2018. There are a few exceptions to the national minimum wage which include:
- The minimum wage for farm workers will be 90% of R20 per hour (R18 per hour);
- The minimum wage for domestic workers will be 75% of R20 per hour (R15 per hour);
- The minimum wage for workers on an expanded public works programme is R11 per hour).
The NEDLAC social partners have agreed that the farm, forestry and domestic sectors will be brought up to 100% of the NMW within two years pending research by the National Minimum Wage Commission.
The Basic Conditions of Employment Bill, 2017 seeks to introduce amendments to the Basic Conditions of Employment Act, 1997 in line with the enactment of the National Minimum Wage Act, 2017. The primary amendments to be introduced relate to the repeal of sections of the BCEA that relate to the making of sectoral determinations and the powers and functions of the Employment Conditions Commission.
Amendments are also made that affect monitoring and enforcement by the labour inspectorate to apply to compliance with the national minimum wage and unemployment insurance and the jurisdiction of the CCMA is extended to include enforcement procedures and claims for underpayment in terms of the BCEA, the national minimum wage, unemployment insurance legislation, and claims arising from contracts or collective agreements.
Amendments to the Labour Relations Act aim to strengthen collective bargaining and to introduce an advisory arbitration measure to resolve strikes that are intractable, violent or may cause a local or national crisis. The LRA amendments will be accompanied by a Code of Good Practice on Collective Bargaining, Industrial Action and Picketing. The Code is intended to provide practical guidance on collective bargaining, the resolution of disputes of mutual interest and the resort to industrial action.
Finally, the NEDLAC social partners have reached agreement on an Accord on Collective Bargaining and Industrial Action in which all social partners commit to take steps necessary to prevent violence, intimidation and damage to property and to improve the capacity of social partners and other agencies to resolve disputes peacefully and expeditiously. All trade unions and employers will be encouraged to sign the Accord on Collective Bargaining and Industrial Action.
The Department of Labour to embark on National Information Sessions:
The Department of Labour will embark on a national series of information sessions to inform stakeholders of the amendments and the other elements of the national agreement. The information sessions will begin in Johannesburg on Thursday 9th November 2017 and will continue early 2018.
The first sessions are aimed at trade unions with later sessions from January 2018 being targeted at employers and other interested parties.
A key objective of the information sessions will be to ensure that the national minimum wage and the labour market stability measures are communicated as widely as possible and that trade unions and employers understand the specific implications for their operations.
Further information on dates and venues for the information sessions will be available at: www.labour.gov.za.
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