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updated 8:56 PM, Aug 2, 2020 Africa/Johannesburg
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TermDefinitionTags
Long-term impairmentmeans the impairment has lasted or is likely to persist for at least twelve months....
Mental impairmentmeans a clinically recognized condition or illness that affects a person's thought processes, judgment or emotions....
PatriarchyA system of male authority that oppresses women through its social, political and economic institutions, and is based on beliefs of men's superiority that gives them decision-making power. ...
Persons with disabilitiesPeople are considered as persons with disabilities who satisfy all the criteria in the definition: (i)          having a physical or mental impairment; (ii)         which is long term or recurring; and (iii)        which substantially limits their prospects of entry into, or advancement in employment.  ...
Physical impairmentmeans a partial or total loss of a bodily function or part of the body. It includes sensory impairments such as being deaf, hearing impaired, or visually impaired....
Progressive conditionsare those that are likely to develop or change or recur. People living with progressive conditions or illnesses are considered as people with disabilities once the impairment starts to be substantially limiting. ...
Reasonable accommodationmeans any modification or adjustment to a job or to the working environment that will enable a person from a designated group to have access to or participate or advance in employment....
Recurring impairmentis one that is likely to happen again and to be substantially limiting. It includes a constant chronic condition, even if its effects on a person fluctuate....
Substantially limiting impairmentis an impairment which if, in its nature, duration or effects, substantially limits the person's ability to perform the essential functions of the job for which they are being considered....
Unjustifiable hardshipis action that requires significant or considerable difficulty or expense. This involves considering, amongst other things, the effectiveness of the accommodation and the extent to which it would seriously disrupt the operation of the business. An accommodation that imposes an unjustifiable hardship for one employer at a specific time may not be so for another or for the same employer at a different time....
Welfare ApproachRefers to the setting of goals aimed at meeting the practical needs of women attempting to address underlying structural causes. This approach is patriarchal in nature and assumes that women are passive beneficiaries of development. ...
Women in Development (WID)Refers to a planning process in which the importance of women's needs ins the major focus, taken in isolation form men's needs or even the importance of the relations between women and men. The WID approach tends to focus on women's reproductive roles and seeks to increase efficiency in their existing roles by making more resources available to them. This tends to reinforce inequalities and widen the gap between women and men....

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